What do parentheses mean in messages


Parentheses in messages – application history

Many are sure that brackets in correspondence are universal international tool for expressing emotions in text messages. But this is far from the case. Use parentheses in messages It was started by Russians and other residents of the republics of the former Union since about the 90s of the 20th century. It is in the messages of domestic users most often use brackets as expressions of any emotions. For foreigners, such methods communications look, at least, strange. Instead of our dry brackets foreigners prefer traditional emoticons and emoticons.

Braces in the perception of foreigners

Foreigners find using brackets weird

What causes the use of brackets instead of traditional smileys in Russians? Speed ​​and usability. Instead of type two or even three characters to indicate a smile ( for example, :—) ), just type one bracket, which will mean the same the same as the above smile. In this case, substantially time is saved, especially in a situation where you use far not one such option.

Two brackets

When you see parentheses instead of an answer—

Another factor that caused the widespread use of parentheses in Russia, is a feature of the set of SMS in some domestic operators. As you know, the number of characters in the standard Cyrillic SMS is often limited to 70 characters. If you exceeded this limit, you had to pay extra for one more sms In order to save symbolic volume and started everywhere brackets are used instead of smiles. This allowed to save some extra characters that could be used for other tasks.

SMS 70 Cyrillic characters

70 character limit for Cyrillic SMS

This is good to know: the meaning of the F1-F12 keys on the keyboard.

What do parentheses mean in correspondence

What is the meaning of parentheses in messages? Their meaning is approximately following:

Parentheses: Value:
) A slight smile. Often used as a form of courtesy, emphasizing the positive attitude of the interlocutor
))) Easy laugh. Usually means that in your words your interlocutor found something funny, or just laughs while staying in good mood
))) Loud laughter
)))))))))) + more brackets – demonstrates a long and loud laugh, reaction of the level “lying on the floor laughing.” Can signal about excessive use by your interlocutor of parentheses for expression your emotions
( Slight sadness
(( Great sadness
((( + more – melancholy, depression etc

The bracket at the end of the message usually attaches to the entire message. appropriate tone. The bracket “)” indicates positive or fun. the tone of the message, and the bracket “(” – negative, sad or sad tone.

And a few related smileys with brackets:

Emoticons: Decoding:
;—) Wink
:, ( Sad expression with tears
%) Dizziness, shock
😎 Smiley in glasses (black). May mean stealth, confidence in myself, etc

What are parentheses used for?

After we figured out what the brackets in the message mean, consider also what they are used for. Victor Pelevin called emoticons “visual deodorant.” Using positive emoticons (in our case, brackets) allows you to give your communication a bright background, joy and ease, demonstrates disposition towards to the interlocutor. Often the use of parentheses is at least an “act” politeness, “avoiding too dry a tone, formalism and rigidity in communication.

Brace positive

Please note that the use of parentheses is justified only in informal communication. Brackets will be superfluous in business correspondence, in jurisprudence, when writing scientific materials. Avoid using parentheses when dealing with foreigners. IN in most cases you will not be understood, and will consider your use brackets are at least weird.

We also do not recommend overloading your text dialog with brackets. When there are too many brackets, they make it difficult to understand text, and can serve as a repulsive factor for your the interlocutor.


In our material, we examined the value of the parenthesis in the messages, when and under what conditions the brackets in the dialog apply. Note that the use of brackets is mainly domestic practice absent in Europe and the USA. Therefore, when communicating with foreigners try to avoid brackets, replacing them with more traditional emoticons and emoji for your interlocutors.

James Walls

Social Media Specialist & Influencer.

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